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Drug Addiction News

Nation's ER's Report: Abuse of Anti-Anxiety Drugs Up

drug treatment center pills addiction drug rehabThe number of drug-abuse related visits to hospital emergency rooms (ERs) involving benzodiazepine medications exceeded 100,000 in 2002, a 41 percent increase since 1995, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration's Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN). Nearly half of the emergency department (ED) visits involving benzodiazapines -- which include such psychotherapeutic sedatives as Valium, Xanax, Klonopin, and Ativan -- were connected with suicidal ideation, gestures or attempts.

> Read the Nation's ER's Report
 

Prescription Drug Abuse in The Military

drug treatment center pills addiction drug rehabToday, some of the most pressing substance-abuse concerns in the U.S. military involve prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medications. Some health officials contend that too many troops are being authorized to take antidepressants and sleeping pills, while others are worried about the illicit sharing of prescription drugs and the overuse of OTC meds by men and women in uniform.

> More on Prescription Drug Abuse in the Military

For Many, Stress Leads to the Use and Abuse of Drugs, Alcohol and Tobacco...

drug treatment center pills addiction drug rehabSome of the Basic Facts
Stressful events can have a direct affect on the use of alcohol or other drugs. Stress is a major contributor to the initiation and continuation of drug addiction and alcohol abuse, as well as to relapse or a return to drug use after periods of abstinence.

Stress is one of the major factors known to cause relapse to smoking, even after prolonged periods of abstinence.

Children exposed to severe stress may be more vulnerable to drug use. A number of clinical and epidemiological studies show a strong association between psychosocial stressors early in life (e.g., parental loss, child abuse) and an increased risk for depression, anxiety, impulsive behavior, and substance abuse in adulthood.

> More on Stress Related Usage
 
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Morphine Addiction

What is Morphine and how is it used?

Morphine is a narcotic analgesic. Morphine was first isolated from opium in 1805 by a German pharmacist, Wilhelm Sertürner. Sertürner described it as the Principium Somniferum. He named it morphium - after Morpheus, the Greek god of dreams. Today morphine is isolated from opium in substantially larger quantities - over 1000 tons per year - although most commercial opium is converted into codeine by methylation. On the illicit market, opium gum is filtered into morphine base and then synthesized into heroin.

Morphine can be taken orally in tablet form, and can also injected subcutaneously, intramuscularly, or intravenously; the last is the route preferred by those who are dependent on morphine.

What are the side effects of Morphine use?

  • anxiety
  • constipation
  • depressed or irritable mood
  • dizziness
  • drowsiness
  • exaggerated sense of well-being
  • light - headedness
  • nausea
  • sedation
  • sweating
  • vomiting
  • agitation
  • allergic reaction
  • appetite loss
  • apprehension
  • involuntary movement of the eyeball
  • "pinpoint" pupils
  • itching
  • rash
  • rigid muscles
  • seizure
  • swelling due to fluid retention
  • tingling or pins and needles
  • tremor
  • uncoordinated muscle movements
  • weakness
  • abdominal pain
  • abnormal thinking
  • accidental injury
  • memory loss
  • blurred vision / double vision
  • chills
  • cramps
  • diarrhea
  • inability to urinate
  • dreams
  • dry mouth
  • facial flushing
  • fainting / faintness
  • floating feeling
  • hallucinations
  • headache
  • high/low blood pressure
  • hives
  • insomnia

What are the symptoms of a Morphine overdose?

  • cold clammy skin
  • flaccid muscles
  • fluid in the lungs
  • lowered blood pressure
  • "pinpoint" or dilated pupils
  • sleepiness
  • stupor
  • coma
  • slowed breathing
  • slow pulse rate
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Source: National Institute of Health

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